PMS or Premenstrual Syndrome is a condition that impacts women during certain days of their menstrual cycle. The condition affects women before their periods.
PMS is an extremely common condition with its symptoms impacting over 90 percent of women. The mentioned condition can affect a woman’s physical health, emotions, and behaviors as well. However, the topic is still under-discussed in countries like Pakistan. So many women are unaware that such a condition exists.
PMS symptoms usually begin 5 to 11 days before menstruation. The symptoms tend to go away once menstruation starts.
Causes of PMS
The exact cause of PMS is not known. But it is believed that the changing levels of certain hormones like estrogen and progesterone can trigger these symptoms.
Risk factors of PMS
- Emotional and physical trauma
- Domestic violence
- History of depression or a family history of depression
- Family history of PMS
Symptoms of premenstrual syndrome
Some common symptoms are listed below:
1- Anxiety and irritability
2- Trouble sleeping
4- Mood swings
5- Greasy hair
7- Change in appetite
8- Acne breakouts
How to manage the symptoms of PMS?
Although the condition can not be cured, there are some ways in which you can ease the symptoms.
- Exercise. This will help improve your mental health and also help with bloating.
- Get enough sleep. 7-8 hours are recommended.
- Eat a balanced and healthy diet.
- Don’t skip your supplements like calcium, magnesium, folic acid, vitamin b6.
- Drink fluids.
When to see a doctor?
If the symptoms are severe and impacting your life activities, consider visiting a doctor. Some cases in which you can visit a doctor are also listed below.
- If you are not able to manage the symptoms with certain lifestyle changes.
- Thyroid disease.
- Rheumatological diseases.
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS).
To know more about PMS, watch the video below:
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