Pregnancy puts the body in a hyper-dynamic stage. It increases cardiac output, oxygen demand, renal output, and more.
Advanced maternal age or increased age pregnancy accompanies certain risk factors for both the mother and the baby. Although many women are delivering healthy babies, safely in their 30s and beyond, there are some risks that one needs to discuss.
1- Chances of developing gestational diabetes are high
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that develops only during pregnancy. The risk increases with age and so control of blood sugar with diet and exercise is important. Medications may also be prescribed to control the condition.
If gestational diabetes is left untreated, it causes a baby to grow larger than average. This ultimately increases the risk of injuries during deliveries. Moreover, this condition may also increase the chances of premature birth.
2- Low birth weight baby
Increased age pregnancy may also cause premature births, low birth weight of the baby, and complicated medical problems.
3- Risks of chromosomal abnormalities
Risks of chromosomal abnormalities like down syndrome are higher in increased age pregnancy. This is because errors in meiosis may occur as a result of the aging process. Down syndrome can be diagnosed at the 12th week of pregnancy through a maternal blood test.
4- Risks of miscarriage and stillbirth
The reason for this may be either chromosomal abnormalities or pre-existing medical conditions. Studies carried out on the topic have explained that a decrease in the quality of eggs and chronic medical conditions may lead to miscarriages.
5- Chances of c-section
Complications such as placenta previa (a condition in which the placenta blocks the cervix) may increase the chances of a c-section. Such complications are common with increased age pregnancies.
6- Gestational hypertension
Gestational hypertension can lead to a serious condition of pre-eclampsia. In this condition, the mother might experience high blood pressure, protein in urine, and edema.
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