Hormonal Acne is basically caused by the overproduction of sebum. This overproduction causes pores to clog which in turn leads to pimples. This form can not only form on the face but also on the back, shoulders, chest.
Other than pimples, one might also experience blackheads and whiteheads along with cysts in this condition. Although it can occur in both men and women, it is more common in women.
Hormonal acne can be the result of many factors. Some of these include lack of sleep, stress, and using products that aren’t oil-free.
The 4 main reasons include, production of hormone testosterone (rises during puberty), blockage of follicles forming comedones, bacterial infections and reaction of immune system to bacteria causing inflammation.
Treatment of Hormonal Acne
Although acne might not be avoidable, you can still treat and prevent it. Since acne has many types, from moderate to severe, the treatment might vary accordingly. Some of the treatment methods are listed below:
1- Over-the-counter treatments
These include antibacterial cleansers. There are many over-the-counter treatment options however, one key thing people should remember is to avoid direct sunlight during this period.
2- Treatments for moderate acne
Doctors usually prescribe oral antibiotics for moderate acne. Other than that, topical antibiotics may also be recommended. Other options include anti-androgen hormone therapy.
3- Other methods
Other procedures that your doctor may recommend include: chemical peels, lasers and light therapy and extraction.
4- Treatment for cystic acne
Cystic acne is the most severe type of acne. This can be treated with a corticosteroid injection.
When you should consider seeing a dermatologist
You should consider seeing a dermatologist in the following conditions:
- Severe skin lesions
- Risks of scarring
- excessive acne
Tips for individuals with acne
Other than the treatment options, some tips can help control acne. These include:
- Avoiding environment with high level of humidity
- Avoid excessive sweating
- Avoid harsh exfoliants
- Gentle washing but not more than twice every day
- Avoid picking, scraping and scrubbing pimples
- Avoid water-based cosmetics
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